Uterine Cancer

What Is Uterine Or Endometrial Cancer ?

Uterus is the pear-shaped hollow organ located in a woman’s pelvis between the Bladder and rectum. The uterus is also called the womb. It is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant.

Uterine cancer also known as endometrial cancer is the most common cancer occurring within a woman’s reproductive system. Uterine cancer begins when healthy cells in the uterus change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor can grow but generally will not spread to other body parts. Endometrium is the lining of the uterus and when cells in this layer start to grow out of control, endometrial cancer is formed. Endometrial cancer however produces symptoms in the early stages since the signs are very noticeable, such as unusual and untimely bleeding from the vagina. If cancer is not spread, removal of the uterus can provide a complete cure from the cancer.

Risk Factors For Uterine Cancer

More than 95% of uterinecancer happen in women who are above 40yrs of age. Few of the other risk factors are:

  • Early onset of menstrual cycle
  • Late Menopause
  • Obesity
  • Have not had a full term pregnancy
  • Diabetic
  • High BP
  • Family history of Cancer (Breast or endometrial)
  • Infertility
  • Irregular periods

There Are 2 Major Types Of Uterine Cancer:

Adenocarcinoma. This type makes up more than 80% of uterinecancer. Sarcoma. This type of uterine Cancer develops in the supporting tissues of the uterine glands or in the myometrium, which is the uterine muscle. Sarcoma accounts for about 2% to 4% of uterinecancer.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer

  • Abnormal untimely vaginal bleeding.
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Vaginal discharge is abnormal such as blood stained or watery.
  • Lower abdomen or pelvis pain.
  • Pain during intercourse.

How Is Uterine Cancer Diagnosed ?

Certain tests can help diagnose endometrial cancer:

  • Endometrial Biopsy
  • Dilatation & Curettage
  • Hysteroscopy
  • TransVaginal ultrasound
  • PET Scan.

How Can You Prevent Uterine Cancer ?

  • Maintaining a healthy weight, ideally a body mass index (BMI) less than 25
  • If you have diabetes, good disease management, such as regularly monitoring blood glucose levels, can lower your risk
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Considering the risk of uterinecancer before starting HRT, especially estrogen replacement therapy alone. Using a combination of estrogen and progesterone for HRT may help lower risk.