Testicular Cancer

What Is Testicular Cancer?

The testicles are part of the male reproductive system. Normally, there are 2 testicles, and they are located under the penis in a sac-like pouch called the scrotum. They can also be called testes or gonads. The testicles produce sperm and testosterone. Testosterone is a hormone that plays a role in the development of male reproductive organs and other masculine characteristics. Most types of testicular cancer develop in the sperm-producing cells known as germ cells and are referred to as germ cell tumors. Testicular cancer is effectively treatable even if the cancer has spread past the testes.

Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer May Include:

  • A painless lump or swelling on either testicle
  • Heaviness in the scrotum.
  • Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin
  • Sudden buildup of fluid in the scrotum
  • Breast tenderness or growth. some testicular tumors make hormones that cause breast tenderness or growthof breast tissue
  • Lower back pain, shortness of breath

Types Of Testicular Cancer

The major type of testicular cancer is germ cell which begins in the sperm generating cells, these are further classified as

Seminoma A tumor is only called a seminoma if it is 100% seminoma. They grow and spread slowly. Further classified as Classical Seminoma: Most frequent kind occurring in men between ages of 25-40. Spermatocytic seminoma: Found in older men.

Non-seminoma: They grow and spread in a quicker manner. A non-seminoma contains at least one of the following types of tumor:

  • Choriocarcinoma
  • Embryonal carcinoma
  • Yolk sac tumor
  • Teratoma

How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?

Regular self-check of the testicles is an important way to notice any change in the touch and feel of the testes. However when in doubt a series of diagnostics would be needed to identify the presence of cancer, such as:

  • Blood tests.
  • Serum marker test.
  • Urine test.
  • Testicular Ultrasound.

Treatment For Testicular Cancer

After a thorough examination and establishing the diagnosis, the type and stage, the treatment plan could include the following

  • Surgery.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.