What Is Testicular Cancer?
The testicles are part of the male reproductive system. Normally, there are 2 testicles, and they are located under the penis in a sac-like pouch called the scrotum. They can also be called testes or gonads. The testicles produce sperm and testosterone. Testosterone is a hormone that plays a role in the development of male reproductive organs and other masculine characteristics. Most types of testicular cancer develop in the sperm-producing cells known as germ cells and are referred to as germ cell tumors. Testicular cancer is effectively treatable even if the cancer has spread past the testes.
Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer May Include:
Types Of Testicular Cancer
The major type of testicular cancer is germ cell which begins in the sperm generating cells, these are further classified as
Seminoma A tumor is only called a seminoma if it is 100% seminoma. They grow and spread slowly. Further classified as Classical Seminoma: Most frequent kind occurring in men between ages of 25-40. Spermatocytic seminoma: Found in older men.
Non-seminoma: They grow and spread in a quicker manner. A non-seminoma contains at least one of the following types of tumor:
How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?
Regular self-check of the testicles is an important way to notice any change in the touch and feel of the testes. However when in doubt a series of diagnostics would be needed to identify the presence of cancer, such as:
Treatment For Testicular Cancer
After a thorough examination and establishing the diagnosis, the type and stage, the treatment plan could include the following