Kidney Cancer

What Is Kidney Cancer ?

The body has two Kidneys, one on each side of the body, located behind the Liver and stomach. The Kidneys make urine, which is how the body washes liquid waste out of the body. The Kidneys also play a role in controlling blood pressure and stimulating the bone marrow to make red blood cells.

Kidney cancer occurs when malignant cells grow within one or both of the Kidneys. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), also known as renal cell cancer or renal cell adenocarcinoma, is the most common type of kidney cancer. About 9 out of 10 kidney cancer are renal cell carcinomas.

What Causes Kidney And Renal Pelvis Cancer ?

  • Smoking is the most important risk factor
  • Having high blood pressure.
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Taking certain pain medicines for a long time.
  • Having certain genetic conditions
  • Having a long-lasting infection with Hepatitis C
  • Having Kidney stones.
  • Having sickle cell trait, which is associated with a very rare form of kidney cancer (renal medullary carcinoma).
  • Being exposed to a chemical called trichloroethylene, which is used to remove grease from metal.

Symptoms Of Kidney Cancer

  • Hematuria (blood in urine)
  • Extreme fatigue or Anaemia.
  • Feeling a mass or lump in the location of the Kidney.
  • Loss of weight & appetite.
  • Spike in body temperature.
  • Observing certain changes in Liver function
  • Enlarged veins or testicles

How Is Kidney Cancer Diagnosed ?

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • X-Ray
  • MRI Scan
  • Biopsy
  • PET Scan

How Can You Reduce Your Risk For Kidney Cancer ?

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • • Be very careful if you use certain kinds of chemicals, especially trichloroethylene. This chemical is used by workers in some jobs, like those that work with metals.

Treatment options for Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is most often treated with surgery, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are occasionally used. People with kidney cancer that has spread, called metastatic cancer often receive multiple lines of therapy. This means treatments are given one after another. In cases with small Tumors or when a patient cannot safely undergo surgery, Radiofrequency ablation (use of a needle inserted into the tumor to destroy the cancer with an electrical current) or Cryoablation(also called cryotherapy or cryosurgery, is the freezing of cancer cells with a metal probe inserted through a small incision) can be considered, if feasible.

*It is always recommended to have a thorough conversation with your doctor about the diagnosis to see what treatments options are appropriate and safe for you.*