Bladder Cancer

What Is Bladder Cancer ?

The bladder is a hollow organ in the pelvis that stores urine before it leaves the body during urination. This function makes the bladder an important part of the urinary tract.

Bladder cancer begins when healthy cells in the bladder lining—most commonly urothelial cells—change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor

Urothelial cells also line the renal pelvis and ureters and they can form cancer in those areas as well, however it’s highly common in the bladder.

Bladder cancer are usually detected and diagnosed at an early stage and therefore the treatment for it is highly successful. However, urinary bladder cancer does have a tendency to form again, after initial successful treatment and that is the reason regular follow up checks and tests are highly recommended.

Types Of Bladder Cancer

The type of bladder cancer depends on how the tumor’s cells look under the microscope. The 3 main types of bladder cancer are:

Urothelial carcinoma

is also called transitional cell carcinoma or TCC. This type accounts for about 90% of all bladder cancer. It also accounts for 10% to 15% of Kidney cancer diagnosed in adults. It begins in the urothelial cells found in the urinary tract.

Squamous cell carcinoma

This type accounts for about 4% of all bladder cancer. Squamous cells develop in the bladder lining in response to irritation and inflammation. Over time, these cells may become cancerous.


This type accounts for about 2% of all bladder cancer and develops from glandular cells.

Stages Of Bladder Cancer

Stage 1: The tumor has spread to the connective tissue (called the lamina propria) that separates the lining of the bladder from the muscles beneath, but it does not involve the bladder wall muscle.

Stage 2: The tumor has spread to the muscle of the bladder wall.

Stage 3: The tumor has grown into the perivesical tissue (the fatty tissue that surrounds the bladder).

Stage 4: The tumor has spread to any of the following: the abdominal wall, the pelvic wall, a man’s Prostate or seminal vesicle (the tubes that carry semen), or a woman’s uterus or vagina.

How Can You Lower Your Risk Of Bladder Cancer ?

Quit smoking Adequate hydration: proper intake of fluids especially water, this helps to get rid of all the waste in the body in the form of urine Healthy and a balanced diet.

How Is Bladder Cancer Diagnosed ?

  • Cystoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Urine Cytology
  • CT Scan
  • MRI Scan
  • PET Scan

What Is The Treatment For Bladder Cancer ?

Based on the stage and severity of the cancer, the plan of treatment might include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Immunotherapy